Ais Kacang traditional Malaysian sweet dish

Ais Kacang, also known as ABC (Air Batu Campur), is a beloved Malaysian dessert that combines shaved ice with a myriad of sweet toppings and syrups. Perfect for hot weather, this dessert offers a refreshing escape with its vibrant colors and myriad of textures. In this article, we will delve into the history and cultural significance of Ais Kacang, and provide a unique restaurant-style recipe with special summer effects to elevate your culinary presentation.

Historical Background

Origins and Cultural Significance

Ais Kacang, which translates to “ice beans” in Malay, has roots that trace back to the early 20th century. Initially, it was a humble treat sold by street vendors, offering a simple combination of shaved ice and sweetened red beans. Over time, the dessert evolved, incorporating various toppings and syrups, reflecting Malaysia’s rich multicultural heritage.

This dessert is particularly popular in hawker centers and street food stalls, where it serves as a cooling remedy in Malaysia’s tropical climate. Ais Kacang is not just a dessert; it represents a fusion of flavors and traditions from Malay, Chinese, and Indian culinary practices.

Evolution Over Time

The original Ais Kacang consisted of basic ingredients like red beans and palm sugar syrup. However, modern versions have become increasingly elaborate, featuring an array of toppings such as grass jelly, sweet corn, attap chee (palm seeds), and agar-agar (jelly). The syrups have also diversified, with options like rose syrup, sarsaparilla syrup, and evaporated milk.

Ingredients and Preparation

Essential Ingredients

Creating an authentic Ais Kacang involves a variety of ingredients that contribute to its unique taste and texture. Here are the key components:

  • Shaved Ice: The base of the dessert, providing a refreshing and cooling effect.
  • Red Beans: Sweetened red beans add a creamy texture and mild sweetness.
  • Sweet Corn: Offers a slight crunch and natural sweetness.
  • Grass Jelly: Adds a subtle herbal flavor and a smooth texture.
  • Attap Chee: Palm seeds that are chewy and slightly sweet.
  • Agar-Agar: Jelly made from agar, contributing a bouncy texture.
  • Syrups: Rose syrup, palm sugar syrup, and condensed milk are commonly used to sweeten the dessert.

Modern Twist: A Restaurant-Style Recipe with Summer Effects

Our restaurant-style Ais Kacang recipe incorporates modern culinary techniques and special summer effects to create a visually stunning and refreshing dessert. This version introduces fruit purees, flavored ice, and a unique presentation to make it a standout dish in any summer menu.


  1. Base Ingredients:
    • 500g ice cubes, finely shaved
    • 100g sweetened red beans
    • 100g sweet corn kernels
    • 100g grass jelly, cut into small cubes
    • 50g attap chee (palm seeds)
    • 100g agar-agar jelly, cut into small cubes
  2. Syrups and Condiments:
    • 100ml rose syrup
    • 100ml palm sugar syrup
    • 50ml evaporated milk
    • 50ml condensed milk
    • 100ml fresh fruit purees (mango, strawberry, lychee)
  3. Summer Effects:
    • Edible flowers (for garnish)
    • Fresh mint leaves
    • Flavored ice spheres (mint, lemon, or berry)
    • Dry ice (for a smoky presentation effect)


  1. Prepare the Ingredients:
    • Cook the red beans until tender and sweeten with a bit of sugar.
    • Drain and rinse the sweet corn kernels.
    • Cut the grass jelly and agar-agar jelly into small cubes.
    • Prepare the flavored ice spheres by freezing flavored water or fruit juice in spherical molds.
  2. Shave the Ice:
    • Use a professional ice shaver to finely shave the ice cubes. The finer the ice, the better the texture of the dessert.
  3. Assemble the Ais Kacang:
    • In a large bowl or a deep dish, create a mound of shaved ice.
    • Evenly distribute the red beans, sweet corn, grass jelly, attap chee, and agar-agar jelly over the ice mound.
  4. Add Syrups and Purees:
    • Drizzle the rose syrup, palm sugar syrup, evaporated milk, and condensed milk over the shaved ice and toppings.
    • Pour small amounts of fresh fruit purees (mango, strawberry, and lychee) over different sections of the ice for a burst of summer flavors.
  5. Garnish and Present:
    • Garnish the Ais Kacang with edible flowers and fresh mint leaves for a pop of color and freshness.
    • Place the flavored ice spheres around the shaved ice for an additional cooling effect and visual appeal.
  6. Special Summer Effect:
    • For a dramatic presentation, place a small piece of dry ice in a separate bowl or compartment next to the Ais Kacang. Carefully pour a bit of warm water over the dry ice to create a smoky, foggy effect around the dessert, enhancing its visual appeal.
  7. Serve Immediately:
    • Serve the Ais Kacang immediately to ensure the ice does not melt. The combination of vibrant colors, varied textures, and the smoky effect will make this dessert a showstopper.

Presentation Tips for Restaurants

Artisanal Plating

Elevate the dining experience by paying attention to the presentation of Ais Kacang:

  • Layered Presentation: Create distinct layers of toppings and syrups to showcase the dessert’s complexity.
  • Elegant Glassware: Serve the dessert in clear glass bowls or cups to highlight the colorful layers and garnishes.
  • Edible Accents: Use edible flowers and fresh herbs to add a touch of sophistication.

Fusion Pairings

Pair Ais Kacang with complementary flavors to enhance the overall dining experience:

  • Tropical Cocktails: Serve with a refreshing tropical cocktail, such as a passion fruit mojito or a lychee martini, to complement the fruity elements of the dessert.
  • Iced Teas: Offer a selection of iced teas, such as jasmine or lemongrass, to provide a cooling counterbalance to the sweetness of the Ais Kacang.


Ais Kacang is a testament to Malaysia’s rich culinary heritage and its ability to adapt to modern tastes. By incorporating fresh fruit purees, flavored ice, and a dramatic smoky effect, this restaurant-style recipe transforms a traditional dessert into a contemporary masterpiece. Whether enjoyed in its classic form or reimagined with innovative elements, Ais Kacang continues to delight the senses and provide a refreshing escape from the summer heat.


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